Common Document Examinations

Common Document Examinations

As a Forensic Document Examiner, I provide a resource for resolving alleged forged document issues in civil and criminal cases. For clarification, the term ‘forgery’ is a legal term, used to broadly define the intentional falsification of a signature or...
Handwriting Comparisons

Handwriting Comparisons

Most document cases for handwriting experts in private practice involve handwriting comparisons. How is hand writing differentiated between people? Initially, writers learn to write by emulating a handwriting system taught in school.  As students mature, they quickly...
Opinions Rendered by Document Examiners

Opinions Rendered by Document Examiners

Before document examiners can develop an appropriate opinion for his/her client following a signature or handwriting examination, consideration is given to whether the questioned and known specimens relied upon were original or photocopies, the number of known...
Indented Writing

Indented Writing

Although commonly overlooked, indented writing may be of significant value in resolving questioned document issues. As the term implies, indented writing is the non-visible indentations or images applied to a sheet of paper positioned below the page actually written...
Writing Specimen Considerations

Writing Specimen Considerations

During the collection process of signature specimens to submit with the questioned signature(s), maximize the comparison process by the following: Collect ‘like’ documents. For example, if a signature was written on a legal document it is preferable to submit...
Originals vs. Photocopies

Originals vs. Photocopies

Document examiners are commonly asked if photocopy analysis may be used for a handwriting comparison. They may. However, the preferable form documents are submitted is in the following order: originals, photographs, photocopies and, if necessary, microfilm and faxed...